By C. Edson Armi
Edson Armi bargains an unique interpretation of Romanesque structure via targeting constructions in northern Italy, Switzerland, southern France, and Catalonia, the areas the place Romanesque structure first seemed round one thousand advert. He integrates the research of medieval constitution with a data of development, ornament and articulation to figure out the origins of medieval structure and the excessive Romanesque sort. Armi's intensive learn unearths new wisdom approximately layout judgements within the early center a while.
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Extra info for Design and construction in Romanesque architecture : first Romanesque architecture and the Pointed arch in Burgundy and Northern Italy
At Lomello, they rested these webs on gently pointed mounds of ﬁller bricks that are placed above the shorter round nave, formeret, and transverse arches (Drawing 1). In certain bays, above the arcade on the side of the nave, the pointed webs rest on the extrados of voussoirs that are longer, and therefore taller, in the middle of the arch than on the sides (see the arcade on the left in Fig. 15). Early eleventh-century Lombard masons perceived the advantages of the pointed arch in a far different light than later Gothic builders who built pointed stone ribs.
Have been left in such a ruined state that the bricks in the webs and cross section of the vaults are completely exposed (Fig. 1 Corbel-Vault Construction Two standard techniques of groin construction were used to make the vaults in the side aisles at Lomello. For the base of the vaults, masons used corbel construction (horizontal coursing), and for the webs, they used true-vault construction (nonhorizontal coursing) with temporary centering. In each bay, on top of the aisle wall, the outside edge of the brick courses forms a semicircular proﬁle.
Typical brick-based groin vault from the early eleventh century. (a) Horizontal ﬁllers are inserted above the (b) brick-shaped voussoirs of the formeret and transverse arch and below the (c) pointed outside surface of the web. The (d) diagonal groin is ﬂattened at the top rather than extended into a (e) semicircle, and it is supported by a (f) straightened corbel at the base of the vault. even in later vaulted buildings with ribs and domes like Sant’Ambrogio in Milan and Rivolta d’Adda, Lombard masons preferred to build arcades, formerets, and transverse arches with a semicircular shape.
Design and construction in Romanesque architecture : first Romanesque architecture and the Pointed arch in Burgundy and Northern Italy by C. Edson Armi