By Nora Hämäläinen
This publication is an research into the descriptive job of ethical philosophy. Nora Hämäläinen explores the problem of supplying wealthy and exact photographs of the ethical stipulations, values, virtues, and norms less than which individuals reside and feature lived, in addition to suitable wisdom in regards to the human animal and human nature. whereas glossy ethical philosophy has centred its energies on normative and metaethical concept, the duty of describing, uncovering, and inquiring into ethical frameworks and ethical practices has more often than not been left to social scientists and historians. Nora Hämäläinen argues that this department of labour has dangerous results for ethical philosophy and reorientation towards descriptive paintings is required in ethical philosophy. She lines assets for a descriptive philosophical ethics within the paintings of 4 favorite philosophers of the 20 th century: John Dewey, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Michel Foucault, and Charles Taylor, whereas additionally calling on thinkers encouraged through them.
Read or Download Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about Morality? PDF
Best philosophy books
In his personal day the dominant character of the Western Church, Augustine of Hippo at the present time stands as might be the best philosopher of Christian antiquity, and his Confessions is among the nice works of Western literature. during this intensely own narrative, Augustine relates his infrequent ascent from a humble Algerian farm to the sting of the corridors of strength on the imperial courtroom in Milan, his fight opposed to the domination of his sexual nature, his renunciation of secular ambition and marriage, and the restoration of the religion his mom Monica had taught him in the course of his early life.
“Kolakowski’s Husserl and the hunt for Certitude contains his 3 Cassirer Lectures, added at Yale in 1974. In large, basic phrases, he areas Husserl within the culture of philosophers, from Descartes to the Logical positivists, who have been engaged within the try to become aware of a few wisdom which used to be definite and indubitable.
John Locke’s foundational position within the historical past of British empiricism and liberal political suggestion is definitely demonstrated. So, in what experience can Locke be thought of a latest eu thinker? identification and distinction argues for reassessing this canonical determine. heavily analyzing the "treatise on identity" further to the second one version of An Essay pertaining to Human figuring out, Étienne Balibar demonstrates Locke’s position within the formation of 2 ideas critical to the metaphysics of the subject—consciousness and the self—and the complicated philosophical, criminal, ethical and political nature of his phrases.
Whilst he heard the voice that ordered him to sacrifice his son, was once Abraham deluded? while is religion purely a kind of self-deception? The existential problem of achieving and holding religion is as tricky this present day as ever prior to and maybe even extra so in a scientifically, technologically orientated tradition.
- The Ghost of Stalin
- Philosophy of Language (Princeton Foundations of Contemporary Philosophy)
- The Portable Hannah Arendt (Viking Portable Library)
- The Nature of Morality: An Introduction to Ethics
Additional resources for Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about Morality?
Keyword Normative ethics Á Metaethics It can now be argued that the apparent patchiness of the moral philosopher’s access to moral life is produced here through a highly tendentious and rather perverse coup. Only by looking at moral philosophy from a perspective quite foreign to its own practices, that is, from a © The Author(s) 2016 N. 1057/978-1-137-58617-9_4 27 28 DESCRIPTIVE ETHICS cultural/historical/sociological/descriptive point of view, do we arrive at the impression of patchiness in its command of the moral life.
As paradigmatic cases of X-phi (whether done by philosophers, psychologists, or others), these cases give us an idea of why X-phi cannot be the sought-for descriptive/empirical counterpoint to the moral philosopher’s search for grounding and normative theories. Insofar as X-phi is experimental, its mode of functioning is punctual. It provides interventions to help us rethink our broader picture, but it does not produce the broader picture in its own right. The broader picture is still produced out of a mixture of new discoveries, everyday taken-for-granted notions (often called intuitions), and the established presupposition, the common ground, of academic moral philosophy.
Instead of combining the concerns of analytic ethics with experimental and other empirical methods, I take a step backwards to gain a more perspicuous view. And there, indeed, we have, within twentieth-century philosophy a number of prominent thinkers, whose central concerns have not been the grounds of normative judgments, the (general) meaning of moral language, or the metaphysics of morality, but rather our complex forms of life, of which ethics forms a part. I have thus far sketched out a rough picture of contemporary Anglophone moral philosophy: what it does, what it does not do, its center and peripheries, as well as its main internal contenders.
Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about Morality? by Nora Hämäläinen