New PDF release: Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about

By Nora Hämäläinen

ISBN-10: 1137586168

ISBN-13: 9781137586162

ISBN-10: 1137586176

ISBN-13: 9781137586179

This publication is an research into the descriptive job of ethical philosophy. Nora Hämäläinen explores the problem of supplying wealthy and exact photographs of the ethical stipulations, values, virtues, and norms less than which individuals reside and feature lived, in addition to suitable wisdom in regards to the human animal and human nature. whereas glossy ethical philosophy has centred its energies on normative and metaethical concept, the duty of describing, uncovering, and inquiring into ethical frameworks and ethical practices has more often than not been left to social scientists and historians. Nora Hämäläinen argues that this department of labour has dangerous results for ethical philosophy and reorientation towards descriptive paintings is required in ethical philosophy. She lines assets for a descriptive philosophical ethics within the paintings of 4 favorite philosophers of the 20 th century: John Dewey, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Michel Foucault, and Charles Taylor, whereas additionally calling on thinkers encouraged through them.

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Keyword Normative ethics Á Metaethics It can now be argued that the apparent patchiness of the moral philosopher’s access to moral life is produced here through a highly tendentious and rather perverse coup. Only by looking at moral philosophy from a perspective quite foreign to its own practices, that is, from a © The Author(s) 2016 N. 1057/978-1-137-58617-9_4 27 28 DESCRIPTIVE ETHICS cultural/historical/sociological/descriptive point of view, do we arrive at the impression of patchiness in its command of the moral life.

As paradigmatic cases of X-phi (whether done by philosophers, psychologists, or others), these cases give us an idea of why X-phi cannot be the sought-for descriptive/empirical counterpoint to the moral philosopher’s search for grounding and normative theories. Insofar as X-phi is experimental, its mode of functioning is punctual. It provides interventions to help us rethink our broader picture, but it does not produce the broader picture in its own right. The broader picture is still produced out of a mixture of new discoveries, everyday taken-for-granted notions (often called intuitions), and the established presupposition, the common ground, of academic moral philosophy.

Instead of combining the concerns of analytic ethics with experimental and other empirical methods, I take a step backwards to gain a more perspicuous view. And there, indeed, we have, within twentieth-century philosophy a number of prominent thinkers, whose central concerns have not been the grounds of normative judgments, the (general) meaning of moral language, or the metaphysics of morality, but rather our complex forms of life, of which ethics forms a part. I have thus far sketched out a rough picture of contemporary Anglophone moral philosophy: what it does, what it does not do, its center and peripheries, as well as its main internal contenders.

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Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about Morality? by Nora Hämäläinen

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