By Paul A. Shackel
Harpers Ferry was once considered one of America's earliest and most important business groups - serving as a superb instance of the altering styles of human kin that ended in dramatic development in paintings existence and in family relatives nowa days. during this well-illustrated booklet, Paul A. Shackel investigates the ancient archaeology of Harpers Ferry, revealing the tradition switch and effect of latest expertise on staff and their households. He specializes in the contributions of employees, craftsmen, and different subordinate teams to business growth, and examines ethnic and interracial improvement in an financial system that used to be remodeled from craft-based to industrial.
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Extra info for Culture Change and the New Technology: An Archaeology of the Early American Industrial Era
The other site was inhabited by armory workers and their households. From about 1821 through 1841, pieceworkers probably inhabited the structure, while later heads of households, from 1841 through 1852, usually consisted of mechanics and wage laborers. Excavations of these house lots provide insight into how domestic relations were transformed within the context of changing work discipline. The various households that occupied these armory dwellings are easily discernible in the archaeological record, since documented floods are visible in the soil stratigraphy, and they neatly separate the different occupational zones.
This taskoriented production required the armory worker to have a high degree of manual skill and knowledge of many different aspects of gun making. While armorers were adept at the production of the entire gun, a form of division of labor existed whereby artisans made a particular part of the gun, such as lock, stock, mounting, or barrel. One of the master armorer's principal duties included coordinating the output of each part and determining work assignments so that an equal number of parts 34 Chapter 2 would be made simultaneously.
In many cases, early industrial supporters did not abandon their commitment to agriculture, as many of them still supported themselves by farming (Prude 1983:61; M. R. Smith 1994:4). The development of factory work created contradictions in the republican ideology. Daniel Webster, a federalist and staunch supporter of the development of industry, even admitted that a factory worker could not be an independent and good citizen because he was "at the mercy of the capitalist for the support of himself and his family" (quoted in Ross 1985:13).
Culture Change and the New Technology: An Archaeology of the Early American Industrial Era by Paul A. Shackel