By R I Mawby
Drawing on a wealth of neighborhood, nationwide and overseas resources, unpublished records and unique study, this ebook presents a theoretical and useful critique of victimology.
The authors define and talk about the problems dealing with sufferers this present day and tackle the elemental query: How do we top confirm justice for sufferers, whereas while holding the rights of defendants? the quest for solutions increases different key questions: What are the hazards of crime and do they range from nation to kingdom? what's the effect of crime at the sufferer? How are sufferers taken care of by way of police, welfare companies and courts? Why have governments turn into attracted to sufferers? do we study from the studies of rules in different international locations? H
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Additional info for Critical Victimology: International Perspectives
In the latter case, the way that reported crimes are dealt with by the police, prosecutors and courts is of particular relevance. However, it should be stressed here that since only a minority of crimes are reported to the police, and a minority of these cleared up and subsequently prosecuted, the number of victims experiencing secondary victimization will be less. This is illustrated in Figure 2 . 1 , taking data for England and Wales. Thus if we start with a hypothetical population of 100, the BCS suggests that some 20-30 per cent of these will be victimized within a given year.
For example, where one goes in the evening, how one travels there and with whom, may each have a bearing on victimization rates, an issue which might well be addressed in future local victim surveys. This raises the question of choice, which is relevant on at least three levels. , 1976). Secondly, however, it seems that while most routine activities are unaffected by fear, personal choice (or whether or not to go out) is only part of the issue. Some people, like shift workers, are required to commute during the hours of darkness; many who use public transport do so because they cannot afford their own cars; those who live in crime-prone areas of the city rarely choose to live there, 53 Crime and its Impact but may be trapped by poverty and family circumstances.
Additionally, the effects varied by offence-type. A broad distinction between household and personal crimes for example revealed that the latter affected victims the most. More specifically, robbery, wounding, burglary and threats affected a larger proportion of victims than did other crimes (Maguire and Corbett, 1987; Mawby and Gill, 1987). Further evidence is available from the 1988 BCS. Victims were given a showcard that read: Many people have emotional reactions after incidents in which they are victims of crime.
Critical Victimology: International Perspectives by R I Mawby