By John Rapoport, Philip Jacobs, Egon Jonsson
Written by way of a neighborhood healthiness economics specialist, all the 8 chapters during this well timed guide and prepared reference describes the nationwide healthcare procedure of a special industrialized state. In each one case, the 4-5 particular rules with the top impression on that respective state over the last 20-30 years are pointed out. moreover, the commercial features of every coverage are defined and, the place attainable, its good fortune evaluated, discussing the present coverage schedule. a last bankruptcy summarizes and synthesizes the main issues of the research.
whereas the focus is on economics, this consultant is written in non-technical language for an viewers of healthiness coverage choice makers or scholars of overall healthiness coverage, making it a useful contribution to the present debate surrounding the keep an eye on of emerging healthcare-related bills within the built world.
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Extra info for Cost Containment and Efficiency in National Health Systems: A Global Comparison
One high-quality systematic review identiﬁed low-quality evidence on the effectiveness of universal and indicated prevention approaches. The evidence did not allow for the formulation of clear conclusions regarding the beneﬁts of these approaches. The review found evidence of moderate quality that selective prevention approaches are effective in reducing alcohol use in pregnant women and other women of childbearing age. • Two systematic reviews, one of moderate quality and one of high quality, identiﬁed evidence of low quality that brief interventions (including motivational interviews) can help to reduce the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancy among women of childbearing age.
When such evaluations are conducted, a key challenge lies in identifying evaluation methods, outcome measures, and indicators of “success” that are appropriate for research undertaken in programs that are delivered in community settings. This is particularly true for intensive intervention services that are focused broadly on preventing FASD through acting on the social determinants of women’s health. 9 Who is Responsible for the Prevention of FASD? holds blinded, controlled trials as the “gold standard” for evidence, does not ﬁt well, and may in fact be highly problematic on ethical and humanitarian grounds.
64 Clarren, S. and Salmon, A. (2010) Prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Proposal for a comprehensive approach. Expert Rev. Obstet. , 5 (1), 23–30. K. (2005) Attitudes and approaches of Canadian providers to preconception counselling and the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. J. , 3e2, 1–16. , and Mahoney, J. (2004) Improving screening for alcohol use during pregnancy: The Massachusetts ASAP Program. Matern. , 8 (3), 137–147. 25 27 2 An Overview of Systematic Reviews on the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Maria Ospina, Carmen Moga, Liz Dennett, and Christa Harstall Summary The prevention, identiﬁcation and treatment of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) are public health priorities.
Cost Containment and Efficiency in National Health Systems: A Global Comparison by John Rapoport, Philip Jacobs, Egon Jonsson