By Delphine Gallaud, Blandine Laperche
In distinction to the linear "take-make-dispose" version of source intake, a brand new business version is proposed within the type of a round economic system. This version goals to optimize using assets and to minimize or cast off waste, and relies on re-use, fix, ecodesign, business ecology, sustainable offer and dependable consumption.
Industrial ecology and brief offer chains can give a contribution – rather on a territorial scale – to the emergence of a true sustainable improvement. This ebook develops those strategies and offers experiments which are happening in France and different international locations, as well as an built-in version which information the mechanisms during which business ecology and brief offer chains can generate monetary, social and environmental gains. the potential matters and hindrances dealing with those new practices also are analyzed, in an effort to advance the description of an tailored administration and governance in order to permit them to be absolutely realized.
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Extra info for Circular economy, industrial ecology and short supply chain
Energy must rely less on fossil hydrocarbons. For the last century and a half, energy has been obtained mainly from fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas), which are responsible for numerous problems including increased greenhouse gases, oil spills, etc. 3. The 4 pillars of industrial ecology [ERK 01] 26 Circular Economy, Industrial Ecology and Short Supply Chain Its implementation is based on the concept of industrial metabolism, which corresponds to the total energy and material flows circulating in the industrial system [AYR 89].
However, this belief was not shared by R. Coase, who in his 1960 book The Problem of Social Cost [COA 60] argued that taxing polluters would reduce production and social well-being. Instead, he favored the establishment of ownership rights over resources, which could be traded on a market. This would allow each agent to pursue his profit maximization strategy while controlling the management of resources through market mechanisms. Ecology and economics, then, developed separately over years, with ecology often considered as a minor discipline of economics (and associated with economics of natural resources and environmental economics), and economics as merely a narrow sector of the global ecosystem [DIE 07, VIV 03].
2007: Bali conference. Preparation of follow-up measures to Kyoto. 2009: Copenhagen conference: non-binding objectives. 2010: Cancun conference. Conference of parties on the convention for climate change (COP 16) – non-binding objectives – global conference on biodiversity in Nagoya. Building Region-based Sustainable Development: Vocabulary and Tools 19 2012: Rio+20 in Rio de Janeiro, intended to focus on “green economy” and “the institutional framework for sustainable development”. However, these two themes quickly diverged, leading to failure in reaching an agreement.
Circular economy, industrial ecology and short supply chain by Delphine Gallaud, Blandine Laperche