By J. C. A. Stagg
In analyzing how the U.S. won keep watch over over the northern borderlands of Spanish the US, this paintings reassesses the international relations of President James Madison. Historians have assumed Madison’s reason in sending brokers into the Spanish borderlands among 1810 and 1813 was once to subvert Spanish rule, yet J. C. A. Stagg argues that his actual reason was once to discover peaceable and felony resolutions to long-standing disputes over the bounds of Louisiana at a time whilst the Spanish-American empire used to be within the means of dissolution. Drawing on an array of yankee, British, French, and Spanish assets, the writer describes how a myriad solid of neighborhood leaders, officers, and different small gamers affected the borderlands international relations among the United States and Spain, and he casts new mild on Madison’s contribution to early American expansionism. (20100301)
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Extra info for Borderlines in Borderlands: James Madison and the Spanish-American Frontier, 1776-1821 (The Lamar Series in Western History)
Claims that Jay would likely encounter in Madrid. His report, accordingly, was cast as a sustained defense of the territorial ambitions of the United States, in which Madison at once recapitulated past American thinking on the issues at stake while pointing to the ways in which he and others would approach them in the future. At the heart of the report were conclusions Madison drew from the case for independence and the Model Treaty, namely that the confederated states were the rightful successors to Great Britain’s North American empire and that Britain had acquired its territories not for itself but for all Americans.
17 And while Robertson subscribed, to some extent, to widely held notions about Spain and Spanish America suffering from problems of “priestcraft,” and had also expressed doubts about how far the New World could be regarded as an environment that nurtured human progress, he was by no means a severely unrelenting critic of all things Spanish. 19 By 1780 Madison had also gained some experience with the practical issues likely to arise from Spain’s participation in the War for Independence. A TROUBLESOME NEIGHBOR In January 1778 he had joined the Virginia Council of State as an advisor to Governor Patrick Henry, and on his ﬁrst day in ofﬁce he found himself reading correspondence between Henry and the governor of Spanish Louisiana about how the latter might assist America.
Starting from that position in January 1782, Madison took a prominent role in shaping diplomatic strategies for the American commissioners in Europe. And, as had been the case with his October 1780 report, he staked out his ground on the Model Treaty by arguing that the United States, “as independent sovereignties,” had succeeded to “whatever territorial rights” had belonged to Great Britain before 1776. That meant not only that Congress could demand British recognition of the independence of the states it represented but also that it might yet acquire the territories it had failed to occupy during the war, including Canada and Florida.
Borderlines in Borderlands: James Madison and the Spanish-American Frontier, 1776-1821 (The Lamar Series in Western History) by J. C. A. Stagg