Read e-book online Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian PDF

By Laurent Dubois

ISBN-10: 0674013042

ISBN-13: 9780674013049

ISBN-10: 0674018265

ISBN-13: 9780674018266

The 1st and purely winning slave revolution within the Americas started in 1791 whilst millions of brutally exploited slaves rose up opposed to their masters on Saint-Domingue, the main ecocnomic colony within the eighteenth-century Atlantic international. inside many years, the slave insurgents compelled the French directors of the colony to emancipate them, a call ratified via innovative Paris in 1794. This victory was once a beautiful problem to the order of master/slave relatives during the Americas, together with the southern usa, reinforcing the main fervent hopes of slaves and the worst fears of masters. yet, peace eluded Saint-Domingue as British and Spanish forces attacked the colony. A charismatic ex-slave named Toussaint Louverture got here to France's relief, elevating armies of others like himself and defeating the invaders. eventually Napoleon, fearing the big political energy of Toussaint, despatched an immense challenge to overwhelm him and subjugate the ex-slaves. After many battles, a decisive victory over the French secured the delivery of Haiti and the everlasting abolition of slavery from the land. The independence of Haiti reshaped the Atlantic international through resulting in the French sale of Louisiana to the USA and the growth of the Cuban sugar economic system. Laurent Dubois weaves the tales of slaves, loose humans of African descent, filthy rich whites, and French directors into an unforgettable story of revolt, struggle, heroism, and victory. He establishes the Haitian Revolution as a foundational second within the background of democracy and human rights. (20040323)

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Extra resources for Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution

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Mauger apparently encouraged him to work harder but ignored his urgent pleas; the plantation manager would not be removed. “You do not want to listen to us. ” he wrote despairingly. ” But the story was not over. 7 For those Africans who survived the horrors of the middle passage, arrival in Saint-Domingue was followed by another torture: branding. Masters marked their ownership by burning their initials into the flesh of their human property. For some, this was a second branding, as slave traders sometimes branded the captives loaded onto their ships.

In doing so they took advantage of the division of administrative power in Saint-Domingue between a governorgeneral, who was in charge of the military aspects of colonial governance, and the intendant, who was in charge of civilian life. However, their powers overlapped considerably, and they were often at odds with each other, a circumstance that suited many planters as it made the application of royal policies difficult. 47 This administrative structure was similar to that of many provinces of France, but there was much that made Saint-Domingue unique.

He had been born there, and had served as Madame de Mauger’s domestic slave until the 1760s, when she and her husband left to settle permanently in France. By the next decade Philipeau had become the commandeur—slave driver— on the plantation. He was its most important slave: he oversaw the daily work in the fields, made sure the other slaves were fed and taken care of, and punished those who failed in their duties. He took his orders not directly from Madame de Mauger, but from the salaried manager she had hired to oversee her properties in the colony.

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Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois

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