By George Berkeley
Alciphron, or the Minute thinker (1732) is Berkeley's major paintings of philosophical theology and a vital resource of his perspectives on that means and language. This variation comprises the 4 most crucial dialogues and a variety of serious essays and commentaries reflecting the reaction of such writers as Hutcheson, Mill and Antony Flew. the one unmarried version at present in print, it argues that Alciphron has a extra very important position either within the Berkeley canon and in early glossy philosophy than is usually suggestion.
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Extra resources for Alciphron: in Focus
Hence probably the great number of minute philosophers. Cri. It is to this that sect is owing for so many ingenious proficients of both sexes. You may now commonly see (what no former age ever saw) a young lady, or a petit maître, nonplus a divine, or an old-fashioned gentleman, who hath read many a 39 ALCIPHRON Greek and Latin author, and spent much time in hard methodical study. Euph. It should seem then that method, exactness, and industry are a disadvantage. Here Alciphron, turning to Lysicles, said he could make the point very clear, if Euphranor had any notion of painting.
Cri. Moschon, for instance, hath proved that man and beast are really of the same nature: that consequently a man need only indulge his senses and appetites to be as happy as a brute. Gorgias hath gone further, demonstrating man to be a piece of clock-work or machine; and that thought or reason is the same thing as the impulse of one ball against another. Cimon hath made noble use of these discoveries, proving, as clearly as any proposition in mathematics, that conscience is a whim, and morality a prejudice; and that a man is no more accountable for his actions than a clock is for striking.
I would not. Euph. And suppose that in a man, after a certain season, the appetite of lust, or the faculty of reason shall shoot forth, open, and display themselves, as leaves and blossoms do in a tree; would you, therefore, deny them to be natural to him, because they did not appear in his original infancy? Alc. I acknowledge I would not. Euph. It seems, therefore, that the first mark of a thing’s being natural to the mind was not warily laid down by you; to wit, that it should appear originally in it.
Alciphron: in Focus by George Berkeley