By Carolin A. Crabbe
The social safety equation is worsening worldwide with the elderly inhabitants transforming into swifter than the hard work strength. within the final twenty years of the 20th century, the Latin American and the Caribbean zone was once confronted with what appeared insurmountable problems during this regard. Social safety costs had grown with the inflation and upward changes of wages and common tax evasion. inside of this framework, a number of international locations within the quarter undertook a profound overhaul in their social safety structures, exchanging them totally or partly with a privately controlled and invested method. those far-reaching reforms have replaced the way in which social safety is seen and, to that end, policymakers world wide are the event of the sector. 1 / 4 Century of Pension Reform in Latin the US and the Caribbean offers an research of those reforms, what labored good, what didn't, what are the teachings realized and what are the subsequent steps.
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Additional resources for A Quarter Century of Pension Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean: Lessons Learned and Next Steps
Moreover, during implementation of the reforms, various unforeseen or unaccounted costs arose. Most of these could have been controlled, but many governments gave in to political pressures and made changes to the reform model that increased ﬁscal costs rather than reduced them. These changes included: 21 Copyright © by the Inter-American Development Bank. All rights reserved. org/pub Lessons Learned from Pension Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean • Changing parameters while the reforms were being implemented: increasing the level of the minimum pension, reducing the level of contributions, adding other beneﬁts • Including groups of workers in the reformed system that had their own pension program and were not foreseen as part of the reformed system • Failing to exercise strict control over eligible participants and thus encouraging fraud, such as falsiﬁcation of birth records to qualify for a pension.
Propuesta de Préstamo al Banco Nacional de Desarrollo Económico (BNDES) for a Multisectoral Sectoral Program. pp. 20–21. 2004. Economic and Social Progress Report (IPES). Good Jobs Wanted. : Inter-American Development Bank. International Labour Organization (ILO). 2002. Pensiones no contribuciones y asistenciales: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay. eds. Fabio Berstranov, C. Solorio, and W. Van Ginnekan. Santiago: International Labour Organization. 2003. 2003 Labour Overview: Latin America and the Caribbean.
Overall, the institutional arrangements for supervision and regulation of the new pension fund industry have made ﬁnancial services more transparent. While there have been some difﬁculties, the framework is working well. Fiscal Discipline and Sustainability An important underlying principle of the reforms was the expectation that ﬁscal costs of the PAYG system would be lowered, enabling countries to begin to invest in their social and physical infrastructure, which had deteriorated during the 1980s.
A Quarter Century of Pension Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean: Lessons Learned and Next Steps by Carolin A. Crabbe