Read e-book online A Dictionary of Genetics PDF

By Robert C. King

ISBN-10: 0195307623

ISBN-13: 9780195307627

The e-book of this totally up to date version of A Dictionary of Genetics coincides with the hundredth anniversary of the advent of the time period genetics by way of William Bateson in 1906 on the 3rd foreign convention on Genetics. because then genetics has made great advances in wisdom and approach and now occupies a pivotal place within the existence sciences because the strongest capacity for probing primary questions in mobile biology, improvement, and evolution. The choice of sequences of whole genomes, the examine of gene expression and genetic edition on an international scale, and the power to swiftly enlarge gene sequences and to accomplish designated gene disruptions are only a few examples of significant achievements during this box. Proliferation of recent phrases necessarily accompanies such impressive development. This new version of the Dictionary addresses the wishes of scholars, educators, and medical geneticists for an authoritative and updated reference paintings that not just defines the newest phrases, yet generally, additionally offers vital ancillary encyclopedic info. A Dictionary of Genetics is exclusive in that it contains phrases from a variety of disciplines which now intertwine with genetics, together with molecular biology, phone biology, drugs, botany, and evolutionary experiences. Its 7,000 cross-referenced definitions are supported through a superb selection of line drawings, tables, and chemical formulae. One-fifth of the Dictionary is dedicated to 6 appendices to which the definitions are cross-referenced and which include a unprecedented trove of supplementary details. This incorporates a chronology of vital advances spanning the years 1590 to 2005, lists of invaluable websites and periodicals, a class of dwelling organisms into an evolutionary hierarchy, and a pattern desk of genome sizes and gene numbers. those beneficial properties make A Dictionary of Genetics a lexicon unprecedented within the box. For the 1st time, the Dictionary is on the market on Oxford Reference on-line (ORO): top rate assortment!

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Aplasia the failure of development of an organ. Aplysia the genus of gastropods which includes the sea hares: large, sluglike, marine molluscs with rudimentary, internal shells. Aplysia californica has been much used in the study of the molecular basis of memory. ; CPEB protein. ), which requires a specific coenzyme for its function. apoferritin See ferritin. apoinducer a protein that, when bound to DNA, activates transcription by RNA polymerase. apomict an organism produced by apomixis. , agamospermy or thelytoky).

See human gene maps, repetitious DNA. Alzheimer disease (AD) a multifactorial syndrome that causes a devastating decline in mental ability and is accompanied by the appearance of amyloid plaques in the cerebral cortex. These deposits were first observed in 1906 by a German physician, Alois Alzheimer, in brain tissue from a woman who had died of an unusual mental illness. Amyloid plaques contain aggregates of amyloid-beta-peptides (AβPs), and these are derived from an amyloid beta precursor protein (AβPP), which is encoded by a gene on human chromosome 21.

Anode the positive electrode; the electrode to which negative ions are attracted. Contrast with cathode. 27 anodontia the congenital absence of teeth. Hypodontia is currently the preferred term. anonymous DNA a segment of DNA of unknown gene content that has been localized to a specific chromosome. Anopheles a genus containing about 150 species of mosquitoes, many of which are of medical importance. Africa’s principal malaria vector is A. gambiae. Other vector species are A. funestus, A. quadrimaculatus, A.

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A Dictionary of Genetics by Robert C. King

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